Lesson 1 - Changing the Water to Wine
Just prior to this story, John had written about how Jesus was more than a man. John claimed that Jesus is God who had taken on human flesh to dwell among his people and to show that he was the way to God. Beginning in this chapter, John shows how Jesus did seven signs – miracles – to demonstrate that Jesus was who he claimed to be.
The first of these seven signs happened at a wedding in Cana. At an ancient Jewish wedding, it was not only a major embarrassment to run out of drink for your guests, but it was also a violation of the laws of hospitality of that time. These wedding hosts were doing something that was both shameful and illegal. What did Jesus do as a sign for these shameful people and for their violation of the law to show who he was?
On the third day a wedding took place at Cana in Galilee. Jesus’ mother was there, 2 and Jesus and his disciples had also been invited to the wedding. 3 When the wine was gone, Jesus’ mother said to him, “They have no more wine.” 4 “Woman, why do you involve me?” Jesus replied. “My hour has not yet come.” 5 His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.” 6 Nearby stood six stone water jars, the kind used by the Jews for ceremonial washing, each holding from twenty to thirty gallons.
7 Jesus said to the servants, “Fill the jars with water”; so they filled them to the brim. 8 Then he told them, “Now draw some out and take it to the master of the banquet.” They did so, 9 and the master of the banquet tasted the water that had been turned into wine. He did not realize where it had come from, though the servants who had drawn the water knew. Then he called the bridegroom aside 10 and said, “Everyone brings out the choice wine first and then the cheaper wine after the guests have had too much to drink; but you have saved the best till now.” 11 What Jesus did here in Cana of Galilee was the first of the signs through which he revealed his glory; and his disciples believed in him.